Fresh water is a finite resource, and although seemingly abundant in Scotland, it must be used responsibly. The average person uses 160 litres of water everyday.
This not only puts massive pressure on our water reserves, but also uses huge amounts of energy. This is because all the water we receive direct to our households is high quality, suitable to drink even if it will just be used for flushing toilets, or watering the garden. Cleaning water to this high standard required uses massive amounts of energy. As a result, being water efficient not only saves water but energy too.
Tips on water efficiency:
The average dishwasher uses around 50l of water per cycle, and the average washing machine 100l. Make sure you only put them on when you have a full load to do, and follow the manufactures instructions to maximise water/energy efficiency.
Try filling the kettle only as full as you need. This saves water and will reduce energy bills. The energy used to boil one kettle of water could light a room for an entire evening.
Take a shower rather than a bath. On average a bath uses 80l and a shower 30l.
Try not to leave the tap running when brushing your teeth or washing vegetables, use a bowl or glass of water instead.
Wash your car with a bucket and sponge. Hose pipes can use up to 100l an hour.
Collect rain water in a water bucket for garden use.
Installing a variable flush for your toilet can help limit the amount of water used. Alternatively, simply place a brick in the cistern to lower the water.
Reducing water pollution
Most homes contain a range of toxic chemicals, in products such as toiletries, household cleaners and pesticides. Many of these end up going down the drain and entering the water system, causing problems for wildlife and, potentially, human health.
For suggestions on what you can do to reduce this pollution, see WaterSense.